Body aches are a very common complaint in pregnancy, whether it’s affecting a specific area, such as pelvic pressure, or just general discomfort. The aches are usually just a sign that your body is preparing for childbirth. Even the smoothest pregnancy may come with an achy back and tender breasts. Whether you’re suffering from swollen feet, heartburn, or an upset stomach, here’s how to deal with common pregnancy aches and pains.
1. Cramping: Cramping during pregnancy is often scary, but it’s a common symptom through all trimesters and most are not dangerous. Cramping is nothing but the response of the uterus towards your activities done by you. Uterus is nothing but a muscle and muscle knows only one thing I.e Contracting which feels like a Cramp.
(a)Fertilized egg makes it home in the uterine wall.
(b)Rapid uterine growth
(c)Changing hormone levels leads to increased gas, bloating and constipation.
(d)It can also be a sign of miscarriage – abnormal development in an egg or embryo and such a cramping is caused with blood and tissue leaving the uterus with irritation and causes contraction.
(a)Ligament pain as the muscle stretches due to the growing of uterus upwards
(b)Urinary tract infections
(a)Braxton Hicks Contractions- Similar kind of contractions when labor pain begins
Signs during cramping that should not be ignored:
(a)Contractions more than an hour
(b)Dizziness or bleeding
(d)Abdominal or Back pain
Relief from cramps:
Rest your feet
Take a warm shower bath
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2. Leg pain
With all the extra weight, it’s no wonder your feet are swollen and your legs hurt. All you need to do is alternate circulation-boosting exercise with the proper amount of rest. This can prevent foot pains from developing in the first place.
(a)Elevate your feet as often as you can
(b)Sleep on the sides preferably Left side
(c)Good amount of Fluid intake
(f)Blood pressure and Sugar level checks
3. Back aches
Backaches or discomfort is very common during pregnancy as it is because of the additional weight you carry.
(a)Causes of Back aches are:
(b)Increase of hormones
(e)Posture and position
(f)Weight lifting or any sort of adverse work
(b)Avoid high heels
(c)Avoid sleeping on your back
(d)Wear a belt on your lower abdomen
(e)Take rest and breaks
(f)Heat or Ice pack
(g)Comfortable pregnancy pillows
4. Bleeding gums
Many women tend to have swollen, red and tender gums that bleed when flossed or brushed. Its a mild form of gum disease called Gingivitis. It happens partly because of the hormonal change that makes your gums very sensitive to bacteria in plaque and your gums may bleed when brushed. It has no adverse effect on the baby especially when you practice good dental hygiene.
(a)Brush twice a day maintain good dental hygiene
(b)Used Fluoride toothpaste
(d)Mouthwash with Fluoride
Constipation is a commonly seen trouble seen in pregnant woman it is all because of increased hormonal progesterone which relaxes the muscles in the body including the digestive tract as the food digestion takes place slowly
How to tackle Constipation:
1: Intake of High fibre food- Whole grain cereals and breads, brown rice, beans, fruits and vegetables everyday.
2: Lots of water intake
3: Exercise: Walking, swimming, yoga
6. Heart Burns
Of all pains the Heart burns are the worst and most fiery, a muscle which allows the acids to flow upwards into the esophagus. The same is because of two reasons:
1. Digestion is slow due to hormone relaxing , food stays in the womans body for longer period and the digestion is slow and triggers more acid production.
2. Baby puts in a lot of pressure on the stomach increasing the chance that acids will be pushed up into the esophagus.
Precautions to be taken:
1. Eat less at regular intervals
2. Avoid Certain food items like: Citrus food, Tomatoes, fried items, spicy food, coffee, chocolate, carbonated drinks
3. Intake of Proteins- Soups, Yogurt, proteins and milkshakes
4. Finish Dinner early
5. Sleep at an angle of 45 degrees to avoid heartburn
7. Stiffness and Numbness in Hands
Pain, Numbness or stiffness in the hand, fingers, wrist and lower palm or arm is caused due to carpal tunnel syndrome CTS. It is a narrow passageway in the wrist, about an inch wide and the median nerve which controls the movements passes through this passage. Swelling in the palms is normal during pregnancy due to built up fluid called oedema in the tissues. The pressure of the swelling is put on the median nerve causing pain and stiffness. Most of the women go through this and the same is likely to happen in the Third trimester wherein the swelling is maximum due to the pressure of the baby and weight gain.
CTS is temporary and the swelling – pain goes away in months once the child birth takes place.
Precautions to be take during pregnancy:
2. Wrist belts (splints) or braces
3. Yoga and hand exercises